余干| 措美| 沽源| 丹巴| 龙川| 玉龙| 抚顺县| 苏尼特右旗| 青龙| 大同区| 柳河| 洛南| 平乐| 武冈| 庆元| 郎溪| 集美| 忠县| 石景山| 湘潭市| 寿宁| 荆门| 巴林左旗| 昌黎| 团风| 长垣| 鹿寨| 小河| 东阿| 蛟河| 墨脱| 绥宁| 铁岭县| 古蔺| 靖边| 岢岚| 华蓥| 交口| 嘉峪关| 松江| 江都| 赤城| 乡宁| 石嘴山| 宁夏| 英德| 茂县| 新巴尔虎左旗| 巴马| 乃东| 兴安| 黑水| 宁津| 顺德| 新龙| 兴县| 镇康| 得荣| 革吉| 大宁| 定远| 余江| 英德| 扬中| 邵武| 临颍| 海兴| 佳木斯| 黎城| 漳平| 蓬溪| 鄂伦春自治旗| 承德县| 射阳| 成县| 尖扎| 随州| 杨凌| 元谋| 灞桥| 江苏| 衡阳县| 台安| 宿迁| 麻阳| 喀喇沁左翼| 新绛| 平乡| 麻山| 达县| 溆浦| 淮安| 运城| 南芬| 成县| 珊瑚岛| 奉贤| 仁怀| 昂昂溪| 宿州| 安顺| 东明| 克东| 康保| 宽城| 平舆| 宁阳| 五常| 屏东| 柳州| 金昌| 安溪| 嵩明| 蒙阴| 华坪| 遵义县| 泸定| 岗巴| 温县| 井冈山| 察哈尔右翼中旗| 吉木乃| 榆社| 迭部| 汝州| 滕州| 下花园| 甘孜| 林西| 平谷| 洛川| 惠来| 安阳| 伊金霍洛旗| 湟中| 德阳| 彝良| 上海| 广饶| 新邱| 进贤| 伊宁县| 泸州| 阳高| 桂林| 曲阜| 工布江达| 禹城| 巴里坤| 墨竹工卡| 城口| 衡东| 雷山| 两当| 南浔| 来宾| 蓬莱| 交城| 岱岳| 突泉| 梅州| 广水| 贞丰| 沙坪坝| 泸县| 敦化| 平塘| 博罗| 台山| 滨海| 梁山| 顺平| 阿鲁科尔沁旗| 单县| 浦城| 罗田| 科尔沁右翼中旗| 安仁| 昭平| 永善| 湘阴| 绥中| 宁海| 富阳| 安义| 青神| 内黄| 潞城| 峨眉山| 永德| 开阳| 永定| 临桂| 新民| 汉沽| 孟连| 新县| 苍梧| 基隆| 九江县| 南雄| 平原| 前郭尔罗斯| 麻江| 泗县| 内江| 连江| 德昌| 焉耆| 吉安县| 八一镇| 香格里拉| 三台| 甘棠镇| 新源| 淳化| 开化| 通化市| 南丰| 七台河| 长海| 阜新蒙古族自治县| 长安| 凤凰| 汉沽| 绛县| 印江| 永兴| 旬邑| 图木舒克| 武宣| 太白| 牟定| 怀集| 昌图| 曲周| 涪陵| 新津| 海林| 鞍山| 怀柔| 文山| 宝山| 揭西| 连云港| 徐州| 兴义| 北宁| 鄂州| 清原| 平阳| 番禺| 建昌| 莱芜| 行唐| 竹山| 宣恩| 盱眙| 长白| 大新| 绥滨| 嫩江| 开平|

中共中央印发《中国共产党工作机关条例(试行)》

2019-09-19 08:38 来源:中原网

  中共中央印发《中国共产党工作机关条例(试行)》

  PhototakenonJune6,2018showscustomsenforcementofficersinIstanbul’sPendikporthavecaughtundocumentedmigrants,wrappedinaluminumfoiltohidefromx-raydetectors,onan18-wheeltruckenroutetoItaly.(Photo/Agencies)PhototakenonJune6,2018showscustomsenforcementofficersinIstanbul’sPendikporthavecaughtundocumentedmigrants,wrappedinaluminumfoiltohidefromx-raydetectors,onan18-wheeltruckenroutetoItaly.(Photo/Agencies)ChinesePresidentXiJinping(C)andotherleadersattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summitposeforagroupphotoaheadofabanquetinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/DingLin)ChinesePresidentXiJinpingaddressesabanquetheldforguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/XieHuanchi)ChinesePresidentXiJinping(C,front)andguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summitheadforabanquetinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/LiXueren)

PhototakenonJune6,2018showscustomsenforcementofficersinIstanbul’sPendikporthavecaughtundocumentedmigrants,wrappedinaluminumfoiltohidefromx-raydetectors,onan18-wheeltruckenroutetoItaly.(Photo/Agencies)PhototakenonJune6,2018showscustomsenforcementofficersinIstanbul’sPendikporthavecaughtundocumentedmigrants,wrappedinaluminumfoiltohidefromx-raydetectors,onan18-wheeltruckenroutetoItaly.(Photo/Agencies)All-inclusiveholiday-packageproviderClubMedlauncheditsfirstJoyviewresortinHebeiprovincesalsodifferentfromotherClubMedsinthatit,itsfastest-growingmarket,ClubMedpresidentHenriGiscarddEstaingsays."Asall-inclusiveisnotyetsowellknowninChina,itgivesanopportunityforalargenumberofpotentialcustomerstotryanduseClubMed,"ddrivefrommajorcities,dEstaingsaysth,softarchery,anOmnisportcourt,sailing,,,Hebeiprovince,offersavarietyofentertainmentfacilitiesincludingsoftarchery,anOmnisportcourt,sailing,windsurfingandhorseriding.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)MiniClubMedfeaturesakidsbidcircuit,hostweddings,,000ChinesevisitedClubMedfacilitiesworldwidelastyear,sAnjiandnearHebeisGreatWallthisyear.

  AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)Thislow-angleself-portraitofNASAsCuriosityMarsrovershowsthevehicleatthesitefromwhichitreacheddowntodrillintoarocktargetcalled"Buckskin"onlowerMountSharp.(Photo/Agencies)NASA’sCuriosityroverhasfoundnewevidencepreservedinrocksonMarsthatsuggeststheplanetcouldhavesupportedancientlife,aswellasnewevidenceintheMart,thesefindingsareagoodsignforfuturemissionsexploringtheplanet’“tough”organicmoleculesinthree-billion-year-oldsedimentaryrocksnearthesurface,aswellasseasonalvariationsinthelevelsofm,andalsomayincludeoxygen,,organicmoleculesalsocanbecreatedbynon-biologicalprocessesandarenotnecessarilyindicatorsoflife.“Withthesenewfindings,Marsistellingustostaythecourseandkeepsearchingforevidenceoflife,”saidThomasZurbuchen,associateadministratorfortheScienceMissionDirectorateatNASAHeadquarters,inWashington.“I’mconfidentthatourongoingandplannedmissionswillunlockevenmorebreathtakingdiscoveriesontheRedPlanet.”Thisself-portraitofNASAsCuriosityMarsroverobtainedFebruary4,2018showsthevehicleonVeraRubinRidge,whichitsbeeninvestigatingforthepastseveralmonths,directlybehindtheroveristhestartofaclaywherenorthisontheleftandwestisontheright,withGaleCratersrimonthehorizonofbothedges.-’sCuriosityroverhasfoundnewevidencepreservedinrocksonMarsthatsuggeststheplanetcouldhavesupportedancientlife,aswellasnewevidenceintheMart,thesefindingsareagoodsignforfuturemissionsexploringtheplanet’“tough”organicmoleculesinthree-billion-year-oldsedimentaryrocksnearthesurface,aswellasseasonalvariationsinthelevelsofm,andalsomayincludeoxygen,,organicmoleculesalsocanbecreatedbynon-biologicalprocessesandarenotnecessarilyindicatorsoflife.“Withthesenewfindings,Marsistellingustostaythecourseandkeepsearchingforevidenceoflife,”saidThomasZurbuchen,associateadministratorfortheScienceMissionDirectorateatNASAHeadquarters,inWashington.“I’mconfidentthatourongoingandplannedmissionswillunlockevenmorebreathtakingdiscoveriesontheRedPlanet.”

  CraftswomanLiWenlingshowsherpaper-cuttingworksatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,2018.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)PhototakenonJune6,2018showsafolkmusicperformanceatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)PhototakenonJune6,2018showsateaartshowatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)CraftsmanMuXujianshowsdoughsculpturemakingtojournalistsatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,2018.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)CraftsmanMuXujianmakesdoughsculpturesatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,2018.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)ChinesePresidentXiJinping(C)andotherleadersattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summitposeforagroupphotoaheadofabanquetinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/DingLin)ChinesePresidentXiJinpingaddressesabanquetheldforguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/XieHuanchi)ChinesePresidentXiJinping(C,front)andguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summitheadforabanquetinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/LiXueren)

FrenchmarathonswimmerBenoitBenLecomteprepareshimselfinChoshi,ChibaprefectureinJapanonJune5,2,kickingoffanepicquesttoswim9,000kilometers(5,600miles)fromTokyotoSanFrancisco,throughshark-infestedwaterschokingwithplasticwaste.(Photo/Agencies)FrenchmarathonswimmerBenoitBenLecomte(L),takesthestartofhisattemptofswimmingacrossthePacificOceaninChoshi,ChibaprefectureinJapanonJune5,2018surroundedbyhischildren,Max(C)andAna(R).BenLecomtedivedintothePacificOceanonJune5,kickingoffanepicquesttoswim9,000kilometers(5,600miles)fromTokyotoSanFrancisco,throughshark-infestedwaterschokingwithplasticwaste.(Photo/Agencies)FrenchmarathonswimmerBenoitBenLecomte,takesthestartofhisattemptofswimmingacrossthePacificOceaninChoshi,ChibaprefectureinJapanonJune5,,kickingoffanepicquesttoswim9,000kilometers(5,600miles)fromTokyotoSanFrancisco,throughshark-infestedwaterschokingwithplasticwaste.(Photo/Agencies)FrenchmarathonswimmerBenoitBenLecomteprepareshimselfinChoshi,ChibaprefectureinJapanonJune5,2,kickingoffanepicquesttoswim9,000kilometers(5,600miles)fromTokyotoSanFrancisco,throughshark-infestedwaterschokingwithplasticwaste.(Photo/Agencies)

  PhototakenonJune6,2018showscustomsenforcementofficersinIstanbul’sPendikporthavecaughtundocumentedmigrants,wrappedinaluminumfoiltohidefromx-raydetectors,onan18-wheeltruckenroutetoItaly.(Photo/Agencies)PhototakenonJune6,2018showscustomsenforcementofficersinIstanbul’sPendikporthavecaughtundocumentedmigrants,wrappedinaluminumfoiltohidefromx-raydetectors,onan18-wheeltruckenroutetoItaly.(Photo/Agencies)

  AwomanisseenatGhandrukvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)MulescarryingemptygascylindersproceedtowardsGhandrukvillagefromChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)PeoplecarryironnetsusedforconstructionatChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)AmanworksinthefieldatChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)LocalscutthehairofsheepatChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma),capitalofChina,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)ExamineestakeaselfiewiththeirfamilybeforethenationalcollegeentranceexaminationoutsideanexamvenueinChangchun,northeastChinasJilinProvince,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/LinHong),capitalofChina,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/ShenBohan),eastChina,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/XuXiaoxuan)ExamineesprepareforthenationalcollegeentranceexaminationoutsidetheexamvenueatFenyangHighSchoolinLyuliangCity,northChinasShanxiProvince,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/CaoYang)ExamineesenteranexamvenueinChangchun,northeastChinasJilinProvince,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/LinHong),capitalofChina,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)

  Morethan450millionChinesesufferfrommyopia(nearsightedness),accordingtostatisticsmadepublicearlierthisweek."Themyopiaratesarearound30percentforprimaryschoolstudents,60percentforjuniormiddle-schoolstudents,80percentforseniorhighmiddle-schoolstudents,and90percentforcollegestudents,"saidLongQin,professoroftheophthalmologydepartmentofPekingUnionMedicalCollegeHospital,atapressconferenceheldbytheNationalHealthCommission."TheChinesearesufferingmyopiaatanearlieragewithhigherdiopters,andthepopulationofmyopiasuffererskeepsgrowing,"saidWangNingli,directoroftheophthalmologydepartmentofBeijingTongrenHospital,,anofficialwiththecommission,myopiahasbecomeanincreasinglysevereproblemamongchildrenandamajorpublichealthissue."Relevantdepartmentsreleasedguidelinesformyopiapreventionin2016,proposingrequirementsforlighting,desksandblackboardsinclassrooms,forstudentsusingcomputersandtheirdailystudytime,"Jiaosaid."Since2016,relevantdepartmentshavebeenstrengtheningmonitoringoftheeyesightofstudentsofdifferentagesinsomecities,andthescaleofthemonitoringwillbeexpandedthisyear."ThecommissionTuesdayreleasedanewguidelineforpreventingandcuringmyopia,offeringguidanceformedicalinstitutionsandpersonneltoenhancetheirservicea,Longsaidtheeffectofthesurgerywasgood,butadvisedpatientsnottotakethesurgeryuntiltheywere18yearsoldandonlyiftheirdioptersremainedstableforovertwoyears.

  ,andpressreleasesfromthetwosidesmentionedthatthecri-"haveundertakeneffortstoimproveoperationalsafetyandstrategicstability"."bothleadersrecognizetheimportanceofmaintainingregularcommunicationtoavoidmiscalculation".Theyalsowanttopromote"transparencyanddeconflictioninareaswherethemilitariesareoperatingincloseproximity".,,"variousaspectsofresolvingtheSyriaissueandwaystoeasetensionsandensuresecurityinEurope".,,ions,had"athoroughdiscussionoftheEuropeansecuritysituation."LindbergandGerasimovalso"emphasizedtheimportanceofadirecttelephonelineestablishedlastNovember,whichhelpsbuildmutualtrustandincreasetransparencyamidgrowingmilitaryactivitiesintheBalticSeaarea."ThelineconnectsRussianNationalDefenseManagementCenterandtheFinnishDefenseForces.VolunteerscleanwasteonbeachinDongshanCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/SongWeiwei)VolunteersfreefriesinSanya,southChinasHainanProvince,June6,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/ChenWenwu)MembersofChinasAntarcticexpeditionputamicroplasticcollectorintothesea,,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/BaiGuolong)CleanersclearthefloatingwasteinthefishbreedingraftsinHuangqiTownshipofLianjiangCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,June6,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)ChinasmannedsubmersibleJiaolongispreparedtodiveintheYapTrenchinthewestPacific,June13,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/LiuShiping)PearlcultivatorstransfershellsatapearlcultivationfarminBeihaiCity,southChinasGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/ZhangAilin)AlittlegirlstaysatacampinQingdaoHaichangPolarOceanParkinQingdao,acoastalcityineastChinasShandongProvince,May19,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AseaweedharvestboatsailsataseaweedfarminSanshaTownshipinXiapuCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/JiangKehong),2018showsthesceneryofXinyingmangrovenationalwetlandparkinsouthChina,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/JiangEnyu)

  FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)

  VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)VolunteersworkatthepresscenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdaoCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June7,alistsfromhomeandabroadatthepresscenter.(Photo/VCG)

  JournalistsdopreparationworkattheMediaCenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,fromJune6to11.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)JournalistsdopreparationworkattheMediaCenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,fromJune6to11.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AjournalistworksattheMediaCenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,fromJune6to11.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)JournalistsdopreparationworkattheMediaCenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,fromJune6to11.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)Acameramanworksatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,o11.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)VolunteerscleanwasteonbeachinDongshanCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/SongWeiwei)VolunteersfreefriesinSanya,southChinasHainanProvince,June6,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/ChenWenwu)MembersofChinasAntarcticexpeditionputamicroplasticcollectorintothesea,,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/BaiGuolong)CleanersclearthefloatingwasteinthefishbreedingraftsinHuangqiTownshipofLianjiangCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,June6,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)ChinasmannedsubmersibleJiaolongispreparedtodiveintheYapTrenchinthewestPacific,June13,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/LiuShiping)PearlcultivatorstransfershellsatapearlcultivationfarminBeihaiCity,southChinasGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/ZhangAilin)AlittlegirlstaysatacampinQingdaoHaichangPolarOceanParkinQingdao,acoastalcityineastChinasShandongProvince,May19,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AseaweedharvestboatsailsataseaweedfarminSanshaTownshipinXiapuCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/JiangKehong),2018showsthesceneryofXinyingmangrovenationalwetlandparkinsouthChina,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/JiangEnyu)

  

  中共中央印发《中国共产党工作机关条例(试行)》

 
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人民日报:武林被浪漫化 搏击和传统武术是两回事

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来源:人民日报

需要承认,传统武术和现代搏击是两回事。一个被浪漫化的武林,或许已经不复存在。作为现代社会中的体育运动,都需要面对大众、面向现代、面向科学,吸引并培育更多心态健康的爱好者。

无论是传统武术,还是搏击格斗,都需要面对大众、面向现代、面向科学,吸引并培育更多心态健康的爱好者

徐晓冬对抗雷雷

传统武术和现代搏击哪家强?刚刚过去的“五一”假期中,因为一则“MMA(综合格斗)选手约战太极拳师”的视频,这个比双方年龄还大的老话题,持续引起不同人群的口水战。尽管视频中的对阵双方都宣称自己仅代表个人,但从太极拳师倒地的那一刻起,传统武术就已经置身巨大的质疑声中。

我们不鼓励任何脱离正规赛场、裁判和比赛规则的私下比试;哪门哪派功夫强,也是一个过于业余的话题,通常属于嗑着瓜子的电视观众。但对于很多传统武术的粉丝而言,这次私下比试显然让他们“伤了感情”。从上世纪80年代《少林寺》《霍元甲》等武侠影视剧热播开始,在不少人眼里,中国武术便已超出了体育运动的范畴,有更多民族的、文化的内容。伴随着这股武术热,“Kungfu”(功夫)也逐渐走出国门,成为中国文化的一个亮眼标签。在这样的整体文化背景下,成都武馆里的这场“对决”,难免会惹人注目。仅凭一场私下的比试就断定传统武术“不行”,也显得过于武断。

需要承认,传统武术和现代搏击是两回事。正如国家体育总局武术运动管理中心相关负责人所说:武术是中国传统文化,在中国有这么多年的发展历史,现在是承载全民健身功能的。太极拳等传统武术项目,有着众多练习者和爱好者,是一项有着广泛基础的群众体育运动。与之相比,包括MMA在内的现代搏击运动,已经成为发展较成熟的竞技体育模式,规则明确、训练科学、赛事完备,商业化程度也很高。对照这一标准,传统武术尚有一定的距离。而且,现代搏击中“击倒、降服对手”的基本规则,很多传统武术的爱好者也并不完全接受。在他们看来,传统武术还肩负着健身、表演、养生、文化等诸多功能。可以说,传统武术和现代搏击是两套系统,中间还隔着一道门槛。

在传统和现代之间,武术界人士可能要认真思考,究竟是要向现代体育搏击转型,还是要走大众健身的路子?固然,这两者以前并无太大差别,在国民普遍缺乏健身设施的年代里,让体弱多病的孩子习武,也是很多家庭的选择。然而,在世界体育搏击产业日益成熟的今天,传统武术要凸显自己的技击传统,走向赛场和擂台,就必须完成艰难的现代转化。传统武术套路在规则、赛制等方面已经相对成熟,也包含着丰富的技击方法,但毕竟与更重视实战的现代搏击运动不同。而实现这一转化,离不开和世界范围的同行交流切磋,取长补短,从而在新的时代环境下发扬光大。

对此,传统武术爱好者既不必愤愤不平、摩拳擦掌,亦不必沮丧。这些年,国内武术界的不少有识之士,一直尝试引进国际上成熟的商业比赛模式,发掘传统武术中的技击传统。在这方面,柔道、跆拳道等其他国家的类似项目,同样走过一条推广、传播、改造的转化之路,并通过进入奥运项目,光大门楣,收获了世界各地的练习者。而对于MMA这样在世界范围发展迅猛的格斗产业,本身就曾得益于李小龙的格斗理念,也产生了张铁泉等优秀的中国选手,未来在开拓中国市场时,需要通过更多良性的宣传推广,走好自己的商业化之路。

一个被浪漫化的武林,或许已经不复存在。作为现代社会中的体育运动,无论是传统武术,还是搏击格斗,都需要面对大众、面向现代、面向科学,吸引并培育更多心态健康的爱好者。

[责任编辑:屠震林 PS040]

责任编辑:屠震林 PS040

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